The 2019 Qiuse Artwork Competition is on, and Foshan's intangible cultural heritage base is open to the public, recruiting students from primary schools and the society. A unique inheritance activity will make more people pay attention to Qiuse folk activity and feel the glory of Foshan intangible cultural heritage.
The Qiuse Artwork Competition covers the folk art treasures of Foshan, including Canton Embroidery, Color Lantern, Lion Head and so on, among which the unique Foshan Color Lantern is an extremely important part of Qiuse folk activity.
Foshan Color Lantern is a traditional handicraft of Han nationality in Foshan, Guangdong Province. Having the exquisite and beautiful characteristics of the color lantern in southern Guangdong, it is one of the main types of the traditional Color Lantern of the Han nationality. With leading tie-up level, rich variety, attractive style, unique decoration and exquisite craftsmanship, it’s deeply loved by the public.
In the Ming Dynasty, Foshan’s handicraft industry and business were very developed and people lived in stable life. Naturally, the folk customs of the Han people, such as the Lantern Festival and the Mid-Autumn Festival were also in rise. The color lanterns have become an essential part of the Han’s folk customs including the Qiuse Parade, the Lantern Festival and the Mid-Autumn Festival.
Foshan color lanterns are shaped in a variety of ways, some of which are made into fruits or animals, and some are based on folklore stories. Small color lanterns can be hung at home, and large color lanterns are several meters high, showing a spectacular view.
Famous for its exquisite craftsmanship, the artistic expression of Foshan color lanterns is both delicate and exaggerated. The dragon boat lantern made by the folk art association is three layers high. It’s carved and painted, and it also has a complete set of colorful characters and furnishings, which is exquisite and artistic.
In addition, Foshan Color Lantern also has the characteristics of unique conception, rich content, diverse decorative materials, various shapes, delicate craftsmanship and so on. In the decoration, Foshan Color Lantern chooses paper-cut that has various patterns and beautiful colors, which grants Foshan Color Lantern more local characteristics.
In Foshan traditional customs, those who give birth to a son would hang a lantern in their living rooms and ancestral halls during the Lantern Festival. If there is a son in the family, the lantern would be replaced with a new one every year, which has the meaning of carrying on the ancestral line. Therefore, people attach great importance to hanging lanterns during the Lantern Festival, which has lasted for many years.
Foshan color lantern was once hung all over Foshan families. And it had also been served as a large parade boat, witnessing the return of Hong Kong and Macao. On every festival, Foshan color lantern not only can be seen on the streets of Foshan, but also is famous in the Pearl River Delta Area and among Chinese people at home and abroad.