Foshan China 2017-05-03
Wing Chun (咏春) is a concept-based Chinese martial art and form of self-defense utilising both striking and grappling while specializing in close range combat.
The earliest known mentions of Wing Chun date to the period of Red Boat Opera (late 1800s).
The common legend as told by Ip Man involves the young woman named Yim Wing-chun during the period after the destruction by the Qing government of the Southern Shaolin and its associated temples.
Having rebuffed the local warlord's marriage offer, Yim Wing-Chun said she'd reconsider the proposal if he could beat her in a fight. She soon crossed paths with a Buddhist nun named Ng Mui, who was one of the Shaolin Sect survivors, and asked the nun to teach her to fight.
According to legend, Ng Mui taught Yim Wing-Chun a new system of martial art that had been inspired by the nun's observations of a confrontation between a Snake and a Crane. This then-still nameless style enabled Yim Wing-Chun to beat the warlord in a one-on-one fight. Yim Wing-Chun thereafter married Leung Bok-Chau and taught him the style, which was later named after her.
Since the system was developed during the Shaolin and Ming resistance to the Qing Dynasty, many legends, including the story of Yim Wing-Chun, were spread regarding the creation of Wing Chun in order to confuse enemies. This is often given as a reason to explain the difficulty in accurately determining the creator or creators of Wing Chun.
Wing Chun techniques emphasize practicality and efficiency to maintain its ideals on effectiveness. Strikes are intended to injure or disrupt the target. Efficiency in Wing Chun is based on the concept that the shortest distance between two points is a straight line. Likewise its primary targets all lie along the "centerline" of one's opponent.
Wing Chun is the most common romanization, from the Cantonese pronunciation (咏春). It is also romanized as Ving Tsun or Wing Tsun. Even though it could be considered a linguistically erroneous romanization at least from English-speaking countries perspective, especially in Finland,Germany and Turkey (and as a commonplace term in some other countries such as Austria, Bulgaria, Italy, Slovakia).
Wing Chun（咏春）, together with Hung Gar（洪拳） and Choi Lei Fut（蔡李佛拳）, is named as one of "The Three Great Martial Art Schools of the South", which originated and became popular in Southern China.
Chinese philosophy of Wing Chun:
Greet what arrives, escort what leaves and rush upon loss of contact (來留去送，甩手直衝)— Ip Man
Siu Nim Tau(小念头），Chum Kiu（寻桥），Biu Ji（镖指），Muk Yan Jong（Wooden dummy木人椿），Baat Jaam Dou（八斩刀），Luk Dim Bun Gwan（六点半棍），Chi Sau（黐手）.