Foshan China 2017-05-02
Locatd at No.21, Zumiao Road, Chancheng District, Foshan Zumian Museum covers an area of 25,500 square meters, including scenic spots such as the Zumiao Ancient Architectural Complex (a key cultural relic unit under the state protection), the Confucius Temple, Huang Fei Hong Memorial Hall, and the Ip Man Tong. The museum’s display takes Foshan history, martial art, Foshan folk art as the main theme. Through around the year, it holds different kinds of interactive folk culture activities, for instance, Huang Fei Hong lion dance performance and martial art performance, Foshan Cantonese opera as well as the preschool children enlightening ceremony in the Confucius Temple.
Every year, more than one million people at home and abroad visit Foshan Zumiao Museum and they are deeply attracted by its profound Taoist culture, Confucius culture, martial art culture and the traditional culture.
The Zumiao Temple
Foshan Zumiao Temple was first built in Yuanfeng era (1078-1085 AD). It was destroyed in late Yuan dynasty and rebuilt in the fifth year of Hongwu era (1372 AD). The temple worships the Taoist God Beidi (also called Xuanwu). As the leading temple in Foshan, Zumiao Temple once served as a conference center as well as a hall for self-governing authorities, which made it closely connected to Foshan’s history and development.
Foshan Zumiao Temple’s Ancient Architectural Complex occupied an area of 3600㎡. It included the Wanfu Stage, the Lingying Archway, the Jinxiang Pool, the Sanmon, the Front Hall, the Main Hall and the Qingzhen Building on the central axis from north to south. The three carvings (brick carving, wood carving and stone carving) and two sculptures (ceramic sculpture and plaster molding) as well as the Song-style dougong brackets (interlocking wooden brackets) were the essence of Lingnan art. As a masterpiece of Lingnan architecture and decorative art, Zumiao Temple is honored as the Palace of the Oriental Folk Art. In the year 1996, Zumiao was listed as a cultural relic under the state protection, and in the year 2012, it was awarded as AAAA National Tourist Attraction.
A Sacred Place in Lingnan- A Display of the History and Culture of Foshan Zumiao Temple
The project - A Display of the History and Culture of Foshan Zumiao Temple, was launched in 2014 and the exhibition hall open to public in 2016. As the first permanent display of the history and culture of Foshan Zumiao, it contains five parts: Worship of Beidi, History of the Sacred Place, Rites in Zumiao Temple, Ancient Architecture, and Artworks in Zumiao Temple. The exhibition hall occupies an area of 800㎡, using the five elements “metal, wood, water, fire, earth” as its design concept. It totally displays 123 pieces/sets of historical relics and 156 pictures. The exhibition integrates the cultural elements of Zumiao, Foshan, even Lingnan style, which offers people a place to deepen understanding of Foshan Zumiao.
Ip Man Tong
Wing Chun master Ip Man is a respected and world famous martial art expert. He learned Wing Chun and became skillful of the Kung Fu style in Foshan. Improving the teaching approach with great courage, Ip Man has disciples all around the world. Kung Fu star Bruce Lee is one of his most distinguish disciples. In order to commemorate the Wing Chun master Mr. Ip Man, Foshan set up the Ip Man Tong in 2002 with the great support of Ip’s descendants. And the exhibition aims to carry forward the quintessence of Foshan martial art culture.
Foshan Huang Feihong Memorial Hall
In order to commemorate the Kung Fu Master Huang Feihong, Foshan set up a Huang Feihong Memorial Hall in the north of Zumiao in 2001. The hall displays Huang Feihong's whole life in Martial Art. It makes good use of a variety of media ways such as the novel, film, Cantonese opera, radio, and teleplay to build the half-century long brand Foshan Huang Feihong. The exhibition is rich in content. Meanwhile, the memorial hall provides audience with great Kung Fu and Lion Dance performance every day, which greatly enhances the dynamic effect of the exhibition.
The Confucius Temple
The Confucius Temple is an important place for people to admire the famous Chinese educator Confucius. Standing at the southwest side of Zumaio, the temple was built through a fund raised by some local gentlemen who highly appreciated Confucius in the third year of Xuantong, Qing Dynasty (1911). The whole place occupies 300 square meters. The site is protected at the city-level and is a rare well preserved Confucius Temple in Guangdong.
In order to commemorate of Confucius and promote the traditional culture and humanity education, Zumiao Museum has restored birthday ceremony for Confucius in 2012, which revives the tradition of Confucius birthday rituals. Through this event, we aim to raise people’s awareness of Chinese culture and carrying forward the Confucius thoughts and culture.
Spring and Autumn Encyclical Festival
During the Ming and Qing dynasties, Foshan Zumiao Temple was the only official Beidi temple among all the others in Guangdong. After it was conferred the title Lingying Temple by the Ming Emperor Jingtai, it would hold the Spring and Autumn Encyclical Festival annually until the Qing dynasty. The spring and the autumn ceremonies were held respectively on February 15th and August 15th of the lunar calendar and comprised the same rituals.
Nowadays, Zumiao Museum has revived a lot of folk cultural activities and traditions. The Spring Ceremony will be hold together with national intangible cultural heritage - Beidi birthday temple fair which fells on March 3rd on Chinese lunar calendar, while the Autumn Ceremony will be hold with the Autumn Scenery - the carnival of Foshan folk customs. These two cultural activities have become Foshan major cultural events.
Open daily 8:30-18:00
(Tickets office will be closed 30 minutes before the museum closed)
Open all year round
Tour Guide Service
Languages: Cantonese, Mandarin, English and Japanese)
Source: Zumiao Management Office