Qixi Festival is a traditional Chinese festival.
In ancient times, Foshan people admired the stars for nice weaving skills on Qixi Festival. In modern times, due to the legend of "cowherd and weaver meeting on the magpie-bridge", Qixi Festival culturally becomes "Chinese Valentines Day" step by step.
Foshan customs during the Qixi Festival in the past
The wish for better weaving skills
The Qixi Festival, also known as "the Birthday of Qijie" in Foshan, is a festival for unmarried girls. Before Qixi Festival, girls of the same gens formed "the Qijie Admiring Union" to organize "Weave Posing", "Weaving Contest", "Immortals Welcoming" and "Immortals Worshiping" in the ancestral hall. The girls competed through various activities such as posing weave and weave contest for the best weaver title, and prayed to meet their Mr. Right.
"Cowherd and Weaver" Foshan New Year Woodblock Painting (Republic of China)
Immortals Welcoming and Worshiping
From 19:00 to 21:00 on the sixth day of the seventh lunar month, young girls burned incense and lit candles, and kowtowed to the air, begging Qijie for wisdom, beauty, a perfect match for love and marriage, and wishing for happiness and good fortune.
After the Immortals Worshiping ceremony, girls will have weaving contest, piercing needles facing the moon. They knelt side by side in front of the incense table, holding the colored thread against the moonlight and passing the thread through the pinhole. One wins by passing through seven pinholes in one take, otherwise, one loses. In Sanshui, girls used five-color silk thread to pierce needles by putting their hands behind their backs, or raising their heads up high, or blindfolding their eyes. The last-year winning weavers judge to see who dresses the most accurately and quickly.
《鹊桥会》 民国 扇画
"Meeting on the Magpie-bridge" Fan Painting (Republic of China)
"Qixi Festival" is not the privilege of lovers
On the Qixi Festival, people wash and cut the fresh white gourd into small pieces, and put them in a clay pot or tile. After a long period of fermentation, precipitation, and dissolution, the gourd turns into juices. It is said that drinking the white gourd liquid is effective in curing heat and pathogen, heatstroke and fever.
Releasing floury ducks
In the early morning of the seventh day on the seventh lunar month, the elders made duckling dough by mixing sticky rice flour and water. After steaming, the dough will be wrapped with straw to form a duck nest. People light incense candles and lightly place nests of "ducks" on the water, chanting prayers, wishing that the children in the family grow strong, walk, run and swim freely and develop healthily like a duck do.
Experience the splendid activities during the modern Qixi Festival
To celebrate the traditional festival, the five districts of Foshan held a variety of cultural activities. In Chancheng, social workers led the citizens to make lion dance embroidery sachets in the flesh, and held online paper-cutting courses to beg for good weaving skills with manual activities; in Nanhai, the first rice planting festival was held, inviting families to experience the fragrance of the soil and the joy of labor in the fields；
Bachelor Women Qixi Cultural Festival
In Shunde, the third Bachelor Women Qixi Cultural Festival was held, which restored local traditional activities such as Qijie Posing, Qijie Worshiping, and Qixi Singing;in Gaoming, new projects in Yingxiang Ecological Park were launched to send romantic blessings of marriage to lovers; in Sanshui, youth parties and Han Chinese Clothing activities with the theme of begging for nice manual skills were held one after another, deepening the connotation of the festival.
Special project in Yingxiang Ecological Park
Oil-paper umbrella activity in Hecheng Subdistrict